Hunger is a lack of food which causes suffering or death. People crave or urgent need of food is an uneasy sensation caused by the lack of food and hunger. Everyone feels hungry on daily basis. Most of the people are able to satisfy this craving and need even if not on an immediate basis but by the count of having a meal or snack within hours. Hunger is caused by the brain reading changes in the levels of hormones and nutrients in the blood. It is our reaction to this feeling that can make us overeat or eat the wrong things.
Causes of hunger:
Poverty is the major cause of hunger. Most of the people who are hungry are living in extreme poverty. Now the natural disasters like floods, tropical storms and long periods of drought are the one cause of the shortage of food in the world. Due to lack of jobs paying too little it results in poverty and then they cannot find work they struggle with it. In single parent may not be able to take a job or work enough hours because of no childcare options. Another reason for food shortages is that the food grown in some countries is spoilage.
Effects of hunger:
Hunger is a part of daily life. Hunger and malnutrition make the body weak and open to diseases and infections as the body does not have the fuel to build muscles and fight off infections and diseases. Hunger kills more people every year more than aids, malaria, and tuberculosis.
- Feeling of emptiness in the stomach.
- Gurgling, rumbling or growling in the stomach.
- Dizziness, faintness or light-headedness.
- Irritability, easily agitated.
- Lack of concentration.
- Nearly 98 percent of worldwide hunger exists in underdeveloped countries.
- Almost 1 in every 15 children in developing countries dies before the age of 5. Most of them from hunger-related causes.
- While hunger exists worldwide, 526 million hungry people live in Asia.
- When a mother is undernourished during pregnancy, the baby is often born undernourished too. Every year seventeen million children are born this way due to a mother’s lack of nutrition before and during pregnancy.
- Over a quarter of the worlds, undernourished people live in sub-Saharan Africa. Almost one in four people in this region are chronically hungry.
- Similarly, women with hunger are so deficient or basic nutrients like iron many people die during childbirth from hemorrhaging every year.
- Poverty is the principal cause of hunger. The causes of poverty include poor people’s lack of resources and unequal income distribution in the world and within specific countries, conflict, and hunger itself.
- The world produces enough food to feed all seven billion people, but those who go hungry either do not have land to grow food or money to purchase it fight hunger in your community by collecting food outside a local supermarket.
- 3 percent of the world’s population is hungry. That is roughly 805 million people who go undernourished on daily basis, consuming less than the recommended calories a day.