What is Discrimination: Define, Types & Effects

It means treating a person different and harassing them that causes harm. The different treatment happens due to the gender, religion, nationality and culture and other many reasons. Discrimination holds the person to do things that other person can do it easily. It includes bullying and when someone doesn’t allow you to participate in an activity because of your race or religion.

Types of discrimination:

Types of discrimination

  1. Indirect discrimination: If something put you in disadvantage in policy workplace or rules it is indirect discrimination. Now if any office asks the employees to work on Sundays then the Christians have a disadvantage because it is common that Sunday is the worship day for them.

 Indirect discrimination

  1. Direct discrimination: If a person treated differently from others it is direct discrimination. Now you have qualification and experience necessary for the job but your application is turned down because you are too young or too old.

Direct discrimination

  1. Discrimination by association: If you are treated differently because someone you know is from the same character this may be known as discrimination by association. Now if you are refused to do job service because you are with someone who belongs to the same race.

Discrimination by association

  1. Discrimination by perception: Getting treated differently just because someone thinks you belong to a group with protected characteristics it is called discrimination by perception. Now if you are heterosexual but the estate agency refuses to give you flat because they think you are a gay due to their thinking about who gay people look, dress or behave.


  1. Harassment: Harassment includes not needed behavior that makes another person feel annoyed and shamed off. Unneeded behavior includes physical signs, abuse, jokes, spoken and written words or disrespectful emails and expressions. Now in a gym male gym member passing sexual comments to the female gym members could result in harassment.

How to deal with discrimination:

How to deal with discrimination

  1. Look after yourself and learn to cope of with it: Eat healthy, exercising and trying to be de-stress about things is the survival act. It is the best way you can fight discrimination by taking good care of yourself.


  1. Take a stand for yourself: Take stand for yourself. Express yourself and explain words to people who care about you.  Fight for what is right for you in order to effect the change, make people aware that problem exists.


  1. Use the beauty and strength: Celebrate yourself the ideas strength and beauty of being you. Try to read books, interact with people and go out and enjoy yourself


 Effects of discrimination: 

Effects of discrimination

Discrimination may have severe impacts on a person. People who are discriminated against also often times have higher levels of stress, which can cause hypertension, heart disease, and chronic illness and while the person may get injured or things may go even worst if the harassment is more. It may effect on your physical appearance a lot. This will also affect your emotional and mental health and it gets tougher to deal with it. It will make you feel anxious, sad, guilty, empty or depressed. You will be not able to do activities you enjoyed doing it before and you may also lose hunger. Harassment is also one major cause which will affect the victim socially, financially and on your educational life. You may feel confused and broken. It leads lower trust on people. It will cause you to take drugs and run away from what happened. You may start ignoring people and may feel hatred towards them and also effects in losing your job and interest in studies

Clauses regarding the discrimination in workplace:

Clauses regarding the discrimination in workplace

  • Recruitment
  • Training
  • Employment terms and conditions
  • Salary and benefits. Promotion, transfer and other advancement opportunities
  • Redundancy
  • Dismissal

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