What is Recycling: Definition, Effects, Benefits & Importance

A processing of the used Materials (waste) into useful, new products are called as Recycling. This is done by decreasing the raw material use that has been used.

Recycling uses less energy and it is a great way to control the Water, Land, and Air. Effective Recycling is used to start from the Household (a place where the waste was generated).

In lots of serious Nations, the Authorities help the households with the bin bags having labels on them. Households sort out all the waste and they place it in the right bags for collection.

Due to this, the work becomes less difficult. Waste products that are recycled consist of:-

1) Paper Waste

Paper waste products consist of Newspaper, Books, Cardboard boxes, Magazines, and Envelopes. So we will go to Plastic Waste.

2) Plastic Waste

Plastic Waste products consist of Water Bottles, Plastic Bags, Plastic wrappers and Rubber Bags. So now we will go to Glass Waste.

3) Glass Waste

All the Glass Items can be able to recycle which includes Beer Bottles, Broken Bottles, and Wine Bottles. So now we will go to Aluminium Waste.

4) Aluminium Waste

Cans that can be recycled include Fruit cans, Tomato cans, Soda drink and all other cans. It is noticed that 1 Ton of Aluminium cans can be able to conserve more than 207 Lakhs Btu, which is equivalent to the 36 barrels of oil and 1665 gallons of Gasoline.

When these Waste products are collected, then they are used to send to the recycling unit, where all the waste products from each and every type are combined together, crushed, melted and processed into the new materials. So now we will go to the Importance and benefits of the Waste Recycling.

Benefits and Importance of the Waste Recycling  

1) Recycling helps to protect the Environment

Recycling helps protecting the Environment

Recycling is used to help for protecting the Environment as the Recyclable waste materials are burned and ended up in the Landfill. Due to this Pollution of the Land, Water, Soil, and Air are decreased.

2) Recycling conserves Natural Resources

Recycling conserves Natural Resources

Recycling of the more waste that means we don’t depend on the Raw (Natural) resources, which are massively depleted. Now we will go to Recycling saves energy.

3) Recycling saves energy

Recycling saves energy

It takes much more energy for generating products with Raw materials as compared to the recycling used materials. This means that we have more energy and the prices of the items can become lower.

Compositing and Recycling more than 85 Lakhs Tons of MSW can save more than 1.3 quadrillions Btu of energy which is quite equivalent to more than 229 Lakhs Barrels of oil. So now we will go to Recycling creates Jobs.

4) Recycling generates Jobs

Recycling generates Jobs

Saves raw materials. Less landfill space. Saves money on products. Creates jobs. Reduces litter. Disadvantages. Some materials are costly to recycle. Some areas have ample landfill space. Landfills lose money. Inconvenient for some. If we don’t buy recycled products, recycling doesn’t work. How to Encourage Recycling by leveling the economic playing field. – Provide tax breaks for companies who Reuse & Recycle. – PAUL (Pay-As-You-Throw) Systems. – Cradle-to-Grave Laws – Laws requiring companies to take back and recycle packaging & used products. – Ban e-waste in MSW. – Require labels listing recycled content to inform consumers.

Many people are employed to sort, work and collect in the Recycling companies. Other people also get Jobs with Businesses that are used to work with these Recycling units.

There can be lots of Jobs in the Municipality. Now we will go to the Effects of the Poor Waste Disposal.

Effects of the Poor Waste Disposal    

Environmental Effects

1) Surface Water Contamination

Surface Water Contamination

Due to the Waste remaining in the Waterbodies that modifies the Chemical composition of the Water. This is termed as a Water Pollution.

This Water Pollution can affect all ecosystems that reside in the Water. It can harm the Animals that drink such Polluted Water.

2) Pollution


Bad management of the Waste can result in Air and Land Pollution as well as it can cause Respiratory issues and other adverse health effects because contaminants are absorbed from the Lungs into the parts of the Body. Pollution is totally covered here.

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