Migration: Define, Types, Causes, Main Types & Facts

Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. Migration happens for a range of reasons. The reasons for migration can be economic, social, political or environmental. There are many push factors and pull factors at work.

Push factors are the reasons why people leave an area. They include:

  • Lack of services
  • Lack of safety
  • High crime
  • Crop failure
  • Drought
  • Flooding
  • Poverty
  • War

Types of migration: 

Migration Types of migration

Internal migration: It is when the people migrate to the same country or region, for example, moving from London to Plymouth.

International migration: It is when people migrate from one country to another country, for example, moving from Mexico to the USA.

Causes of migration:

Causes of migration

The movement is often over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible. Human migration the movement of people from one place to another with the intention of settling in the new location when large numbers of people relocate, historians ask questions about why these people moved and what impacts their movements had. Now there are two categories of factors that influence people’s decisions to migrate. Push factors occur when someone is currently living and make continuing to live they are less attractive. A push factor could be politic unrest, lack of job opportunities, or overcrowding. Pull factors occur in a potential destination and make it an attractive place to migrate. A pull factor could be better job opportunities or having relatives or friends who have already moved to this location.

Main types of migration:

Main types of migration

Permanent migration is when the person moves from one country to another country for the purpose of not returning back to their real homes. Migration can be temporary, permanent, optional or forced. It can be international or internal. Temporary migration is time-based. Which is seasonal employment forced migration is having no choice but to move in some other country. Voluntary is the opposite of it. Now international migration is when a person moves from one country to another country. Eg: People moving from the UK to the USA. Internal migration is when people migrate to the same country or region.

Migration facts:

Migration facts

  1. People are fleeing community-level violence, which is often personal and direct. They face real and specific threats from street gangs, extortionists, drug traffickers, and from domestic abuse, and so may be potential targets if returned.
  2. These individuals have nowhere to turn for protection if they are sent back. Countries of the Northern Triangle are not providing security for their citizens.
  3. While there has been an increase in Central American migrants, especially women, children, and families, overall migration at the United States’ southern border is low, and there is no migration crisis at our border
  4. Globalisation has resulted in a major flow of people who often do not intend to stay in Australia permanently, therefore, migration has become increasingly circular and temporary in nature.
  5. There are at least 1000 French-born people living in each of 83 different countries and territories.

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