Malaria: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Malaria is caused by the parasites carried by the mosquitoes. The parasite enters the blood. The parasite causes deadly infection which kills many people each year. The parasites that cause malaria is a protozoan called Plasmodium. When mosquitoes bit people it is passed from person to person. The infection leads to chills, fever and other flu-like symptoms. Children are more at risk for malaria. Malaria is a common but also a deadly infection in hot and tropical areas of the world. Malaria has been around for centuries, quickly killing large options and is still causing deaths today.

What is pediatric Malaria?

What is pediatric Malaria

Paediatric is a drug and dosing. Malaria due to P falciparum is dangerous. If it is not treated quickly and completely then it causes death worldwide.

Risk factors for malaria:

  • Traveling or being surrounded by the malarious area.
  • No previous exposure to malaria means no immunity.
  • No chemoprophylaxis or improper chemoprophylaxis.

Where is Malaria found?

Where is Malaria found

Malaria is found in the tropical and sub-tropical areas, mainly in the central and South America. It is most common in tropical areas, where the transmission occurs in the year found. Malaria has a host of unpleasant symptoms which also can be brought on by a variety of other issues sometimes causing confusion for doctors. Symptoms typically take between ten days to four weeks to emerge and can in some cases lie dormant for several months. It is common for people to underestimate the risk of malaria in their hometowns. Even if you grew up in a malaria area without catching it, there is a risk that you might catch it when you go back to.

Causes of Malaria:

Causes of Malaria

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite it spreads to the human body through the mosquito bites of infected mosquitoes. When this bites you the parasites is released into your bloodstream. Malaria is a life-threatening disease. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor a bacterium it is a single-celled parasite that multiplies in red blood cells of humans as well as in the mosquito intestine. Malaria causes symptoms that include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches. If it gets severe it can cause the skin yellow, seizures or coma. There are four kinds of malaria parasites that can infect humans. Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malaria, and P. falciparum. P. falciparum causes a more severe form of the disease and those who contract this form of malaria have a higher risk of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her baby at birth. This is known as congenital malaria. Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through an organ transplant, a transfusion and by use of shared needles or syringes.

Symptoms of Malaria:

Symptoms of Malaria

Malaria feels like the flu with high fever, fatigue, and body aches, with hot and cold stages. The malaria is a common disease but can be life-threatening. The malaria symptoms can develop in 10 days or weeks or even months followed by the infection. But sometime the symptoms will not be noticeable for several months. Some malarial parasites can enter the body but will be dormant for long periods of time. some of the common symptoms of malaria include:

  • A headache
  • High fever
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle pain
  • Bloody stools
  • Coma
  • Shaking chills that can range from moderate to severe.
  • Sweating
  • Anemia
  • Abdominal pain.

How is malaria treated?

How is malaria treated

When you consult the doctor regarding malaria he will first review your health history including any recent travel or in tropical climates. A physical exam will also be performed. If you have symptoms of malaria your doctor will ask you some blood tests to confirm your diagnosis. The tests will include whether you have malaria or no what type of malaria you have and if the infection is caused by a parasite that is resistant to certain types of drugs. If the disease has caused by anemia or no or the disease has affected your vital organs.

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