A mountain is a very large landform which stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area. Mountain climbing is one such escapade and is seen as an intense experiment of human desire and endurance. It is basically situated in the hilly areas. Mountains are generally larger than hills. It is in the form of a peak. It is formed by the tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains are considered to be steeper, taller and more prominent than hills. Mountains can rise individually but usually form in a series of mountains called a mountain range.
How are mountains formed?
Mountains are formed by slow but gigantic movements of the earth’s crust the outer layer of the Earth. Mountains are formed by slow but gigantic movements of the earth’s crust the outer layer of the Earth. A mountain is the highest landform on the surface of the earth. It is usually found to be conical in shape with steep sides and a pointed tip called a peak. The Earth’s crust is made up of 6 huge slabs called plates, which fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. Mountains are made when the earth’s crust is pushed up in big folds or forced up or down in blocks. Mountains form over the course of millions of years. They are not the same. There are fold, block, dome and volcanic mountains, Mountains are jagged because they are constantly eroded by the weather, which wears the rocky surface away.
Types of mountains:
- Volcanic mountains: It is created by the volcanoes. These happen when the magma pushes it away from beneath the earth to the crust once it reaches the surface it erupts as lava, ash, rocks and volcanic gases.
- Fold mountains: This is most common types of the mountain. When two continental tectonic plates collide with each other at their edges it crumbles to form mountains. The crust is uplifted forming folds on the top of the other.
- Fault-block mountains: When the faults or cracks in the earth’s crust force materials or blocks or rocks upward or down is when the fault block mountains or block mountains are formed.
- Dome mountain: When a large amount of molten rock or magma pushes the earth’s crust underneath is when dome mountains are formed. It is also called as upwarped mountains.
Facts about mountains:
- Mountains makeup about one-fifth of the world’s landscape and provide homes to at least one-tenth of the world people.
- Ben Nevis is also the highest mountain in Great Britain
- Heights of mountains are generally given as heights above sea level.
- There are mountains under the surface of the sea.
- Mountains occur more often in oceans than on land, some islands are the peaks of mountains coming out of the water.
- About 80 percent of our planets fresh water originates in the mountains.
Names of Mountains: