Genetic involves changing an organism genome by adding or silencing genes. Genetic modification is also known as genetic engineering. It allows the scientists to produce plants and animals that have various traits that are useful or interesting to humans. It includes the transfer of genes within the species boundaries to produce improves and noel organism. New DNA is obtained by either isolating or copying the genetic material interest using recombinant DNA methods or by artificially construct is usually created and used to insert this DNA into the host organism. an organism that is generated through genetic engineering is considered to be genetically modified resulting the entity is a genetically modified organism.
Human’s genetic modification:
The human genetic modification is the direct manipulation of the genome using the molecular engineering techniques. Genes influence the health and disease as well as the human behavior and characteristics. The somatic genetic modification adds, cuts, or changes to the genes in some of the cells of an existing person, typically to alleviate a medical condition. These gene therapy techniques are approaching clinical practice, but only for a few conditions, and at a very high cost. Genetic modifi9cation can be applied in two ways that us somatic genetic modification and germline genetic modification.
The process of genetic engineering:
In the genetic engineering process, the extraction Of DNA is the first step. It is a process in which genetic material is changed in such a way as to make possible the production of new substances or new functions. The DNA can be introduced directly into the host organism or into a cell that is then combined or cross with the host. It requires complex machinery and innovative minds. When the farming began humans have been selectively breading different plants so to provide more food and better food for all.
DNA: DNA is termed as deoxyribonucleic acid. It is a large chemical compound which makes up the core of chromosomes and whose segments which consist of genes.
Plasmid: The form of DNA which is circular and is often used as a vector in engineering.
Gene splicing: The process in which the genes are cut apart and put back together to provide them with a new function.
The genetic code: The combinations base nitrogen set that act as a code for the production of certain amino acids.
Host cell: The cell into which a new gene is transplanted in genetic engineering.
Nitrogen base: The nitrogen arranged in the organic compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen in a ring that plays an important role in the DNA structure and molecules.
Proteins: To function and structure all living organism cell larger molecules are important.
Vector: To transport gene organisms or chemical used to host a new cell.
DNA research and recombinant: The technique for adding new instructions in genetic engineering to the DNA of a host cell by combining genes from two different sources.
Genetic modification facts:
- Some countries have taken an extreme stance against genetic modifications.
- Some Genetic modifications may be good for the environment.
- The FDA does not have strict labeling for genetic modification.
- The world seed bank is supported by many in the biotechnology movement.
- Some of the claims against Monsanto are overblown.
- Many people mean something very different when they say they are an anti-genetic modification.
- Neil Degrasse Tyson’s take on genetic modification.
- In a consumer poll, 80% of the people wanted mandatory labeling on the good with DNA.
- Genetic modification has been around for a very long time.
- All of your apples are actually clones.