What are Aids: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevents

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the result of damage to the immune system. A damaged immune system is unable to protect the body against certain specific ‘opportunistic’ infections and tumors.

AIDS is caused by a virus called the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV ). Immune Deficiency means a weakness in the body’s system that fights diseases. Syndrome means a group of health problems that make up a disease.

If you get infected with HIV, your body will try to fight the infection. It will make antibodies special immune molecules the body makes to fight HIV.

What causes HIV?

What causes HIV

  • People who have unprotected sex with someone who is affected by the virus of HIV.
  • If anyone shares drug needles with someone who is infected with HIV.
  • During pregnancy, this virus can be passed from mother to baby by birth or breastfeeding.

How is HIV treated?

How is HIV treated

If the doctor notices the symptoms of HIV they provide tests to be done. Such as the test of urine or saliva shows if you are infected with HIV or no. but for the confirmation, you will have to do blood tests. Now HIV usually shows up in the blood in 3 months but it may take longer as 6 months as well. I case you feel that you are exposed to HIV but you test negative for it then make sure to get tested again in every 6-12 or 24 weeks can be done to ensure you are not infected or else you can also follow the steps to prevent such kind of virus in case you have it. Antiretroviral medicines slow the rate at which the virus multiplies. Taking these medicines can reduce the amount of virus in your body and help you stay healthy. Medical experts recommend that people begin treatment for HIV as soon as they know that they are infected.

Symptoms:

Symptoms

  • A headache
  • Fever
  • A sore throat
  • Skin Rashes
  • Swollen glands
  • Body and joint pains
  • Weight loss
  • Night Sweats
  • Extreme tiredness

These symptoms don’t get noticed easily it may take few days or weeks after the person is first affected. Early symptom usually goes away in 2-3 weeks.

There are two types of HIV:

There are two types of HIV

  • HIV-1, which causes almost all the cases of AIDS worldwide
  • HIV-2, which causes an AIDS-like illness. HIV-2 infection is uncommon in North America.

The cure for aids?

The cure for aids

There is no cure for HIV or AIDS yet, but treatment keeps the virus under control and means people can live a long and healthy life. Though efforts to improve treatment, prevention and awareness tools are continuing to have a positive impact on the lives of many until a cure is discovered. There are many logistical limitations and cost challenges that come with providing life-long care to those living with HIV.

Prevention of HIV:

Prevention of HIV

  • Speak to your partner about it
  • Practice safer sex
  • Don’t have more than one sex partner
  • Never share needles
  • Don’t share personal items
  • Don’t take a lot of alcohol or use illegal drugs before sex.

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