Types of Landforms: Introduction, Examples

All over the Planet, there are hundreds of Landforms types scattered. Some Landforms are much more common and spectacular as compared to other Landforms.

Some of the Landforms have the same features and it is quite difficult to tell about which feature what is. Landforms are re-shaped constantly and sometimes it is not easy to tell what exactly one is.

We have chosen few basic Landforms for discussing them in much more detail. They are as Follows:-

1) Canyon  


A Narrow, Deep Valley carved out by the Water erosion with a very Steep Walls. Now we will go to Cape.

2) Cape

A Cape is a Piece of Land (Headland) that is used to extend from Coastline and then into the Sea. Now we will go to Coastline.

3) Coastline

The coastline is all that lands which line the Oceans and Seas. They are used to form the boundary between the Seas and Land.

This Coastline is used to consist of Continental Shelf. Now we will go to Continental Shelf.

4) Continental Shelf

Continental Shelf

Continental Shelf is a Land with the Shallow Waters over them along the Beaches. Continental Shelf can be extended Far into the Sea up to where the beginning of the Continental Shelf.

5) Delta


When the rivers drop off sediments in the Low-lying regions, basically as they enter into the estuary, sea, and ocean, a Delta which is a feature is formed. Now we will go to Desert.

6) Desert

Desert is a dry area with a very much less or no rainfall. Desert also has very much less or no vegetation at all.

Desert has a high temperature at Day and Night due to the absence of the Vegetation cover. Now we will go to Glacier.

7) Glacier

Glacier is an ice in motion which is situated usually along the slope. The ice of the Glacier may break off as well as slide downhill under its own weight or slide it may slide downhill as its underlying rocks warms up and also it begins to melt.

8) Island


An island is a piece of land which is surrounded by Water. An island is basically found in the Sea, but if it is in an inland Water body, it is known as an eyot. Now we will go to Isthmus.

9) Isthmus

Isthmus is a Land’s strip that issued to connect two larger land regions. This strip of land separates two Water Bodies.

10) Mountains

Mountain is a massive, rocky highland which has pointed or rounded top that extends hundreds of feet which is above its surrounding lands. A mountain is not a Hill, as a Hill is relatively smaller and it has gentle slopes with rounded tops.

11) Plains

Plains have very big regions or they are relatively flat lands. A Plain which has a river that floods its banks is known as Floodplain.

12) Plateau


It is a large highland which has flat top rising above its environment with steep slopes on at least one side. A Plateau can be a weathered as well as it can be eroded down into a mesa as well as even further into a butte.

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