Pediatric Malaria: Define, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Facts

Malaria is caused by the parasites carried by the mosquitoes. The parasite enters the blood. The parasite causes deadly infection which kills many people each year. The parasites that cause malaria is a protozoan called Plasmodium. When mosquitoes bit people it is passed from person to person. The infection leads to chills, fever and other flu-like symptoms. Children are more at risk for malaria. Malaria is a common but also a deadly infection in hot and tropical areas of the world. Malaria has been around for centuries, quickly killing large options and is still causing deaths today.

What is pediatric malaria?

What is pediatric malaria

Paediatric is a drug and dosing. Malaria due to P falciparum is dangerous. If it is not treated quickly and completely then it causes death worldwide.

Risk factors for malaria:

  • Traveling or being surrounded by the malarious area.
  • No previous exposure to malaria means no immunity
  • No chemoprophylaxis or improper chemoprophylaxis.

Causes of malaria:

Causes of malaria

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite it spreads to the human body through the mosquito bites of infected mosquitoes. When this bites you the parasites is released into your bloodstream. Malaria is a life-threatening disease. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor a bacterium it is a single-celled parasite that multiplies in red blood cells of humans as well as in the mosquito intestine. Malaria causes symptoms that include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches. If it gets severe it can cause the skin yellow, seizures or coma. There are four kinds of malaria parasites that can infect humans. Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malaria, and P. falciparum. P. falciparum causes a more severe form of the disease and those who contract this form of malaria have a higher risk of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her baby at birth. This is known as congenital malaria. Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through an organ transplant, a transfusion and by use of shared needles or syringes.

Symptoms of malaria:

Symptoms of malaria

Malaria feels like the flu with high fever, fatigue, and body aches, with hot and cold stages. The malaria is a common disease but can be life-threatening. The malaria symptoms can develop in 10 days or weeks or even months followed by the infection. But sometime the symptoms will not be noticeable for several months. Some malarial parasites can enter the body but will be dormant for long periods of time. some of the common symptoms of malaria include:

  • A headache
  • High fever
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle pain
  • Bloody stools
  • Coma
  • Shaking chills that can range from moderate to severe.
  • Sweating
  • Anemia
  • Abdominal pain.

How is malaria treated?

How is malaria treated

When you consult the doctor regarding malaria he will first review your health history including any recent travel or tropical climates. A physical exam will also be performed. If you have symptoms of malaria your doctor will ask you some blood tests to confirm your diagnosis. The tests will include whether you have malaria or no what type of malaria you have and if the infection is caused by a parasite that is resistant to certain types of drugs. If the disease has caused by anemia or no or the disease has affected your vital organs.

Facts about malaria:

Facts about malaria

  1. Malaria is a serious, sometimes fatal disease that is spread by mosquitoes who have been infected by a parasite. The disease is spread when mosquitoes feed on humans.
  2. Malaria breeds mostly in warmer climates, where there is an abundance of humidity and rain.
  3. Malaria exists in 103 countries worldwide, affecting 3.3. billion people, but about 90% of malaria-related deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of those affected are children under the age of five. You can raise money for life-saving mosquito nets in Africa by hosting a basketball tournament. Sign up for Nets for Nets.
  4. Based on recent data, 59 of those 103 countries are currently meeting standards needed to reverse the incidence of Malaria.
  5. In the US, about 1,500 cases of Malaria are found every year.
  6. Common side effects of malaria are high fever, chills, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. Severe illness and death can normally be avoided if the disease is properly treated.
  7. An infected person may start feeling symptoms anywhere from a week to a month after they are bitten. With some rarer forms of Malaria, the parasite remains dormant and an infected person will not become ill for up to 4 years.
  8. In 2012, 207 million clinical cases of malaria were recorded worldwide. 627,000 cases were fatal.
  9. Pregnant women are extremely vulnerable to malaria. If the disease is contracted during pregnancy, it can be passed to the infant or result in low birth weight, which decreases the baby’s chance of survival.
  10. Travelers coming from areas without malaria often have no immunity and are very vulnerable to the illness. Prevention is possible if you visit your primary care physician.
  11. Malaria is not a contagious disease. It cannot be contracted through contact with an infected person, sexually or otherwise.

 

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