Hunger and Malnutrition: Define, Types, Causes, Effects, Symptoms, Treatment & Facts

Everybody faces hungriness at times. When you are hungry it is the body’s signal that it needs food. Once we have eaten enough to satisfy the body’s needs hunger goes away until the stomach is empty again. Malnutrition is not a similar thing as hunger as it happens together.  People who are malnourished lack the proper nutrients in the body for growth and development.  People can be malnourished for a long time or for short time and the condition may be mild or severe. People who suffer from malnourished can be sick and in the serious condition they can even die.

Types of malnutrition:

Types of malnutrition

There are two types of malnutrition

  1. Protein-energy malnutrition

It is the lack of glucose and proteins in foods this is the very dangerous type and it is typical in almost all areas due to hunger in the world. It is very harmful because every body part and senses require chemical energy to work. It is energy comes from the calories we take in, forms of carbohydrates and starch.

  1. Micronutrient (deficiency of vitamins and minerals)

The body survives longer with this deficiency. This type is also called as hidden hunger.



The person who doesn’t eat enough food be hungry but if for a longer period they can be malnutrition but if someone can become malnourished for reasons that have nothing to do with hunger. Some people who eat proper food can also be malnourished if they don’t eat foods that provide the right nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.

  • Someone with celiac disease has intestinal problems that are triggered by a protein called gluten, which is found in wheat, rye, and barley.
  • Kids with cystic fibrosis have trouble absorbing nutrients because the disease affects the pancreas, an organ that normally produces enzymes necessary for digestion.

Effects and symptoms:

Effects and symptoms

  • Tiredness and weakness.
  • A very poor immune function that harms the body’s ability to fight off infections.
  • Poor growth.
  • Underweight.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Stomach bloated.
  • Organ function problems.
  • Learning problems.
  • Dry skin.
  • Slowed reaction times and trouble paying attention.
  • Decaying teeth.
  • Fine bones that break easily.
  • Bleeding and swollen gums.




  • They measure the height, weight and the body mass to see whether is it in the healthy range of the person’s age.
  • To the check the conditions which may cause malnutrition.
  • To blood test to know about the nutritional deficiencies.
  • To do additional tests according to the medical history of the person and physical term.
  • Malnutrition will be treated according to its cause.
  • Doctor or dietitian will recommend you to make some changes in the type and quantities of food that you’re the person eats and may also prescribe some dietary food, such as vitamins and minerals.



  1. 3% of the world’s population is hungry. That’s roughly 805 million people who go undernourished on a daily basis, consuming less than the recommended 2,100 calories a day.
  2. The world produces enough food to feed all 7 billion people, but those who go hungry either do not have land to grow food or money to purchase it. Fight hunger in your community by collecting food outside a local supermarket. Sign up for Supermarket Stakeout GL.
  3. 10 countries that have achieved the greatest success in reducing the total number of hungry people in proportion to their national population are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Cuba, Georgia, Ghana, Kuwait, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Thailand and Venezuela.
  4. Poverty is the principal cause of hunger. The causes of poverty include poor people’s lack of resources, an extremely unequal income distribution in the world and within specific countries, conflict, and hunger itself.
  5. In 2010, an estimated 7.6 million children more than 20,000 a day died. Poor nutrition plays a role in at least half of these deaths

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