Heart disease occurs with any malfunction of the heart and its blood vessel is called heart diseases. The heart disease is called cardiovascular which mainly affects older people and means that there are problems with the heart and blood vessels. The heart is mainly in the center of the cardiovascular system. The heart pumps blood to all the body’s cell through the body’s blood vessels. The cells need the oxygen which the blood carries. A cardiovascular disease is a group of problems that occur when the heart and blood vessels aren’t working the way they should.
Some problems of cardiovascular diseases:
- Heart attack: when the blood flow gets blocked or get a blockage and cuts the blood flow to a part of the heart.
- Stroke: when the blood gets clot it doesn’t reach the brain than the blood vessels burst.
- Angina: when the person feels the pain in the chest that when the heart isn’t getting enough blood flow.
- Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is also known as hardening of the arteries, it becomes thickened and is no longer flexible.
- Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is the building up of fats and cholesterol that makes the arteries narrower so less blood can flow through. Those buildups are called plaque.
How do we get heart disease?
Heart disease is infectious. It cannot be noted like the cold and flu. Rather many increasing changes take place in a person who has chances of getting cardiovascular disease. It is a risk factor. When the risk factors are major a person can’t do anything about it like if you are older and people in your family had similar problems. But some in risk factors it can be controlled and treated. Like smoking, having high blood pressure, overweight and not exercising can increase the risk of getting cardiovascular disease
Signs of heart disease:
When people do not realize the signs of cardiovascular diseases through the symptoms such as chest pain, heart attack or stroke. When this happens it requires immediate attention and the person may need to go to the emergency hospital department. The doctors recommend some tests to find out the about the heart and blood vessels.
- Electrocardiogram: Electrocardiogram records the electrical activity of the heart. The patient is put on a monitor and watches the machine to see the heartbeats and determine if it’s normal or not.
- Echocardiogram: It uses sound waves to diagnose heart problems. These waves are bounced off the parts of the heart, creating a picture of the heart that is displayed on the monitor.
- Stress test: The doctor checks the electrocardiogram machine while the person exercises to see how the heart muscles work and react.
- Carotid: This is the test which uses sound waves to check the blockage of the heart in the carotid artery, a large blood vessel in the neck that supplies blood to the brain.
Facts about heart attack:
- Most of the heart attacks happen in the mornings. Early mornings the blood platelets are stickier so the person is slightly dehydrated loses much water and the stress hormones are at their peak.
- Women have different heart attack symptoms like nausea, indigestion and shoulder aches compared to basic chest pain that men might experience. 25% of all heart attacks especially those in women go unnoticed.
- Negative emotions are risk factors for heart attack. Laughter is good for the heart. It relaxes and expands blood vessels in increasing the blood flow up to twenty percent.
- A daily dose of aspirin may help in preventing the second heart attack.
- People who live alone are twice as likely to have a heart attack compared to those who live with their partners or roommates.