Fracking is a method of extraction of natural gas and oil. Fracking is hydraulic fracturing. In this process blasts of water, chemicals and sand are send beneath the earth surface to extract natural gas and oil. These have proved to be a very effective method in the extraction of mineral ores.
Fracking is hydraulic fracturing. In the process of fracking some chemical liquids, water or sand are injected into the earth subterranean rocks, boreholes and so on, at high pressure, which result into cracking of fissures and helps in extraction of minerals.
Hydraulic fracturing experiments started in the year 1947. The first successful experiment was done in the year 1950. Till today fracking jobs had increased a lot. Fracking process also occurs naturally in certain veins and dikes. Purpose of using fracking process is to obtain the right amount of shale gas, tight gas, tight oil, and coal seam gas wells.
Pros of fracking:
Benefits of using fracking process are tremendous; there is it is frequently used for extraction purpose.
Access to more oil and gas:
With the fracking process, we can reach to more distance beneath the earth, which gives us excess to more deposits of oils and gasses. This increases the number of fossil reserves on the planet.
Lower tax rate:
Because of fracking now more deposits of fossil fuel are available, which will help in lowering the prices of gases and petroleum. Availability of more reserves assists in fulfilling the increasing demand. If the reserves are less, then there will be inflation crises. With this fracking method, such disasters will be reduced.
Better air quality:
In extraction through fracking more of gas reserves are found. Gas is cleaner than another fossil; it will cause less damage to the environment. Combustion of gas releases less amount of carbon-di-oxide. Hence with this, air quality will also improve.
Reduces dependency on foreign oil:
With fracking, countries can find the reserves of gas and oil in their national land. This will lower the rate of reliance on a foreign country for gas and oil and also reduce the cost of transport.
With fracking job availability also increases.
Cons of fracking:
Despite above merits, there are many demerits of using fracking process.
Less use of renewable energy sources:
Fracking process again increases the dependency of human on fossil fuel, which in the long is going to extinct and pollute the environment. It takes away the human focus on searching for new alternative energy sources. It limits the desire of scientist for exploring more.
In the process of the large fracking quantity of water is used which causes depletion of water in and around the area where fracking is carried out.
As mentioned above, the fracking process uses a large quantity of water which reduces the water level in the vicinity. All use of fracking leads to a debate, about large population striving for water because of drought and individual companies are allowed to use water for extraction gas, which morally incorrect.
In the process of fracking machines that are used creates considerable noise. Theos causes disturbance to the people leaving nearby.