The ecosystem of any region includes; structure, characteristics, and animals. The ecosystem of desert region is utterly dependent on a type of desert it belongs to. Desert ecosystem is the community of organisms that in such dry, deserted area.
Study of interaction between biotic and abiotic components in a deserted zone is called desert ecology. Deserts are an arid region which usually has hot temperature throughout the year. In a nutshell, Desert ecosystem can be explained as, the interactions of different organism cohabiting together, the climate present there and any other non-living components if present there.
An ecosystem is the overall study of any geographical area.
Types of the desert:
Depending on the natural environment and geographical location there are different types of deserts present of the earth. They are:
Hot deserts are the desert area which is located closer to the equator line. The Sahara Desert is one of the examples of the hot desert. The temperature around these types of the desert is highest all around the globe. The survival of any plant and animals is very challenging sure to a shortage of food and water. Still, many plants and animals have adapted themselves to survive in such hot weather.
Usually, hot deserts are situated at low altitudes. But there are deserts located at higher elevations, such types of deserts are called cold deserts. Deserted rocky peaks of mountains are a good example of cold deserts. The cold desert can be rocky or sandy. Survival of any organisms is challenging even in cold desert areas.
Surprising but, yes ice desert is also a type of desert. The only difference is that it is covered with ice. Ice deserts can be found near north poles and south poles and even on mountain peaks.
Abiotic components found in desert areas:
Climate: Climate of a desert region depends upon the type of dessert.
In temperate desert: Climate in temperate deserts is relatively colder than other deserts. Example, Antarctica. In temperate zone usually, ice deserts are found.
Subtropical deserts: The climate in these deserts are scorching. Survival of plants and animals is very challenging.
The temperature of every forest will change depending upon their geographical location. The one common factor in every forest environment is dryness. There is no moisture in the air around desert area.
The precipitation in the desert region is very unpredictable and uneven. The precipitation level changes from kilometer to a kilometer in the desert and also year to year.
Biotic components of deserts:
Because of the scarcity of water, plants have made significant adaptations in the desert area.
Seeds have become dormant which become active when it receives raindrops.
Plants like cacti have become succulent and can store water in their leaves for days together.
Thee are usually salt deposits on leaves, that helps in reflection sunrays back.
Many animals species have specially adapted themselves to survive in a harsh dry arid climate.
Deserts are believed to be homes of camels. Camels can drink about 300 tonnes of water in few minutes, and they store water, to survive in coming days. Small rodents, large size hyenas, and jackals are also found in the desert region. Lizards, snakes, Salamander’s and toads are very commonly found in desert areas.